# PHREEQC Side Calc Model

Navigation: Models ➔ TCE Models ➔ PHREEQC ➔ PHREEQC Side Calc Model

Formally released as part of Build 139 (first available as BETA version in Build 138). The PHREEQC SysCAD TCE option and models documentation is for the latest version of SysCAD.

## General Description

The PHREEQC Side Calc model allows the user to 'call' the PHREEQC solver to determine the state of a defined SysCAD stream/s. The user defines the SysCAD stream/s of interest, and the unit will then determine the equilibrium conditions of the resulting stream at the user defined conditions such as temperature or enthalpy. This is similar to the use of the PHREEQC Reactor using the Side Calc model option.

The model has no links to any other models in SysCAD. Therefore, this model is not a part of any SysCAD network, but is a stand-alone calculation that allows the user to check the status of a stream.

Notes

1. The user MUST have added and configured a PHREEQC Model Configuration unit in the SysCAD project before this unit can function.
2. Installation of PHREEQC is not required to use the PHREEQC functionality in SysCAD. If the user wishes to install PHREEQC, please see https://www.usgs.gov/software/phreeqc-version-3 for more information.

### Diagram

The diagram shows the default drawing of a PHREEQC Side Calc unit model. For side calculations with multiple incoming streams and containers, the combined stream pressure will be set to the lowest pressure of the incoming streams or containers that contain a flow or mass, respectively.

## Inputs and Outputs

There are no connections to this unit.

## Model Theory

The PHREEQC Side Calc Model uses the PHREEQC algorithms and data to determine the status of the aqueous solution in the defined stream/s.

Mapping of the SysCAD to PHREEQC streams is done via Species Mapping.

The PHREEQC Side Calc model allows the user to 'call' the PHREEQC solver to determine the state of a defined SysCAD stream/s. The model has no links to any other models in SysCAD.

1. User defines the stream/s to be analysed by the PHREEQC Side Calc model.
2. The SysCAD feed stream(s) using SysCAD species is converted into PHREEQC "Input" using PHREEQC Species. The species mapping is defined in the corresponding PHREEQC Model Configuration unit model.
3. The PHREEQC Side Calc calls the PHREEQC algorithms to determine the status of the mixture using the converted PHREEQC "input" data.
4. The PHREEQC results are displayed in the "output" tab using PHREEQC species.
• The results are NOT converted into SysCAD species.

NOTES:

• The side calculation mixed feed stream pressure is calculated as the minimum pressure of all incoming streams.
• The Input, Output and Diff tab pages are displayed using PHREEQC species, as defined in the database (.dat) specified in the corresponding PHREEQC Model Configuration unit model.
• The species used in the SysCAD project are shown on the optional Sp pages, shown as part of the QFeed, QBypass, QUnmapped, QRxnProdBypass and QProd pages.
• The calculations performed are similar to using PHREEQC directly, except the contents of the SysCAD stream are mapped to equivalent PHREEQC species using the settings defined in the PHREEQC Model Configuration unit model. Please see https://www.usgs.gov/software/phreeqc-version-3 for more information.

### Calculation of Osmotic Pressure

PHREEQC calculates the activity of water, which is then used to calculate the osmotic pressure by the Van't Hoff formula. The Van't Hoff formula is:

$\displaystyle{ \Pi=-\frac{RT}{\overline{V}}ln(a_w) }$

where $\displaystyle{ \Pi }$ is the osmotic pressure, $\displaystyle{ \overline{V} }$ is the partial molar volume of water (ideal), and $\displaystyle{ a_w }$ is the activity of water (mole fraction basis).

## WorkFlow

The suggested workflow for configuring the model is:

1. Make sure the project contains at least one of the PHREEQC Model Configuration model, and the model is loaded with the correct PHREEQC database file you would like to use for the side calculation.
2. On the PHREEQCSideCalc tab page, type in the name of the SysCAD stream/s or content you wish to evaluate (eg: P_001.Qo OR TNK_001.QFeed). In Build 139 or later, multiple streams with multipliers can be specified.
3. Choose when to perform the calculation.
4. On the TCE tab page, select the correct ChemModel (to match step 1) (Note: In older builds, this selection was made on the PHREEQCSideCalc tab page).
5. Choose the Target Calculation OpMode and fill in the required information based on the mode selection. (Note: In older builds, these selections were made on the PHREEQCSideCalc tab page).
6. Perform an equilibrium calculation by pressing the "Calculate" button on the PHREEQCSideCalc tab page or pressing Solve in SysCAD.
7. The Results are displayed on the PHREEQCResults and Output tabs.

Suggestions on how to use the results:

• The PHREEQC Side Calc results can be used to assist with the configuration of with a SysCAD unit, normally with Reactions sub-model switched on. Based on the results of the PHREEQC Side Calc, the reaction and reaction extents can be configured to match results from the PHREEQC Side Calc. The user can use the Set Tag Controller to transfer PHREEQC Side Calc results to the SysCAD unit reaction block.

## Data Sections

The tabs and variable names are described in detail in the following tables.

1. PHREEQCSideCalc tab - This first tab allows the user to choose the desired SysCAD stream/s and set some general options.
2. TCE tab - This tab allows the user to choose the corresponding PHREEQC Model Configuration unit and set other TCE options.
3. QFeed - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQFeed is enabled on the first tab page.
4. VLE - Optional tab, only visible if the UseSysCADVLE/VLE.On option is enabled on the TCE tab page.
5. CFE - Optional tab, only visible if the UseCFE option is enabled on the TCE tab page.
6. Bypass - Optional tab, only visible if the WithBypass option is enabled on the TCE tab page.
7. RxnBypass - Optional tab, only visible if the WithBypass option is enabled on the TCE tab page.
8. PHREEQCResults tab - This tab displays the key results of the calculations.
9. Input tab - This tab displays a summary of the mapped Input stream as PHREEQC species.
10. Output tab - This tab displays the Output stream results including the amounts of each PHREEQC species present in the final mixture.
11. Diff tab - Optional tab, only visible if the ShowRxnDiff option is enabled on the TCE tab page. This tab displays the amounts of each species which are formed or reacted as part of the calculations.
12. ElemBal tab - This tab displays an elemental balance between the Input and Output streams.
13. PhDeport tab - Optional tab, only visible if the PhaseElemDeportment option is enabled on the TCE tab page. This tab shows the movement of elements for the Solid, Liquid and Gas phases.
14. IPhDeport tab - Optional tab, only visible if the IPhaseElemDeportment option is enabled on the TCE tab page. This tab shows the movement of elements for the individual PHREEQC phases.
15. UnitTag.ParamSweep tab - Optional tab, only visible if the ShowPlotter option is enabled on the TCE tab page. This tab allows the user to generate sets of data.
16. SpForPlot tab - Optional tab, only visible if the SelectSp option is enabled on the UnitTag.ParamSweep tab. This tab allows the user to select which species to be reported in the sets of data to be generated.
17. QUnmapped - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQUnmapped is enabled on the TCE tab page.
18. QRxnUnmapped - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQRxnUnmapped is enabled on the TCE tab page.
19. QBypass - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQBypass is enabled on the TCE tab page.
20. QRxnBypass - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQRxnBypass is enabled on the TCE tab page.
21. QProd - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQProd is enabled on the first tab page.
22. Info tab - contains general settings for the unit and allows the user to include documentation about the unit and create Hyperlinks to external documents.

### PHREEQCSideCalc tab page

Unit Type: PHREEQCSideCalc - The first tab page in the access window will have this name.

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options Tag Display This name tag may be modified with the change tag option. Condition Display OK if no errors/warnings, otherwise lists errors/warnings. ConditionCount Display The current number of errors/warnings. If condition is OK, returns 0. GeneralDescription / GenDesc Display This is an automatically generated description for the unit. If the user has entered text in the 'EqpDesc' field on the Info tab (see below), this will be displayed here. If this field is blank, then SysCAD will display the unit class ID. Requirements On Tickbox If this option is deselected, the PHREEQC SideCalc model will not be operational and thus no calculations will be performed. Pressure / P Input The pressure at which the PHREEQC side calculation is to be performed at. StreamCount Input The number of SysCAD streams to be combined together prior to performing the PHREEQC side calculation. For each stream, the StreamTag and Multiplier will need to be specified. ContainerCount Input Only available in a dynamic project. The number of SysCAD contents to be combined together prior to performing the PHREEQC side calculation. For each content, the ContainerTag and Multiplier will need to be specified. StreamX.SourceTag Input Not displayed if StreamCount=0. For stream X, the tag of the stream that the user wants to perform a PHREEQC side calculation on. The format is: [Unit Operation Tag Name].[Tab Page Name] Examples: XPG_1.QProd, P_1.Qo, X_1.QProd, TNK_1.QFeed StreamX.Ratio Input Not displayed if StreamCount=0. For stream X, the ratio to be applied to the mass flow of the stream prior to performing the PHREEQC side calculation. This is particularly important when mixing several streams prior to performing the PHREEQC side calculation. StreamX.Phase Not displayed if StreamCount=0. All The full contents of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Gas Only the gaseous phase of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Liq Only the liquid phase of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Sol Only the solid phase of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. SL Only the solid and liquid phases of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. SG Only the solid and gaseous phases of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. LG Only the liquid and gaseous phases of stream X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. ContainerX.SourceTag Input Only available in a dynamic project. Not displayed if ContainerCount=0. The tag of the content that the user wants to perform a PHREEQC side calculation on. The format is: [Unit Operation Tag Name].[Tab Page Name] Examples: TNK_001.Content ContainerX.Ratio Input Only available in a dynamic project. Not displayed if ContainerCount=0. For content X, the ratio to be applied to the mass of the content prior to performing the PHREEQC side calculation. This is particularly important when mixing several contents or streams prior to performing the PHREEQC side calculation. ContainerX.Phase Only available in a dynamic project. Not displayed if ContainerCount=0. All The full contents of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Gas Only the gaseous phase of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Liq Only the liquid phase of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Sol Only the solid phase of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. SL Only the solid and liquid phases of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. SG Only the solid and gaseous phases of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. LG Only the liquid and gaseous phases of content X will be part of the PHREEQC side calculation. Drain.Mode Only available in a dynamic project. Not displayed if ContainerCount=0. MatchToStep Drain time is equal to the step size of the project. For example, a content containing 10 tonnes of material (after ratios and phase selections have been applied), with a project Step Size of 2 hours, would result in stream of 5 t/h of material being evaluated by the PHREEQC solver. Normalised Flow of material from all contents is set to 1 kg/s (3.6 t/h). Note this is after ratios are applied. DrainTime User can specify the drain time to be used, see Drain.Time below. DrainRate User can specify the drain rate, see Drain.MassFlow below. Drain.Time Input Only available in a dynamic project and if Drain.Mode = DrainTime. The time parameter used to convert the content information into a stream (as required by PHREEQC). For example, a content containing 10 tonnes of material (after ratios and phase selections have been applied), with a Drain.Time of 2 hours, would result in stream of 5 t/h of material being evaluated by the PHREEQC solver. Drain.MassFlow / Qm Input Only available in a dynamic project and if Drain.Mode = DrainRate. The flow of material from all contents is set to this value. Note this is after ratios are applied. CheckTags If the user clicks on this button, SysCAD will check that the SourceTag values are valid tags. CalcWhen Manual The side calculation will only be performed if the user presses the Calculate button. Each Iter The side calculation will be performed at the end of each iteration during the model run. Each N Iters The side calculation will be performed at the end of each N iterations during the model run. OnStop The side calculation will be performed once at the end of the run when the model is stopped. ItersBetweenCalc Input Only available if CalcWhen = Each N Iters. The number of iterations between calculations. MapToProdStream Tickbox If checked, reverse mapping will be done to display the SysCAD product stream. Calculate Click on this button to perform the side calculation to determine the conditions of the final solution, based on the specified target value. Options ShowQFeed Tickbox Allows the user to view the QFeed and associated tab pages, showing the properties of the combined feed stream. See Material Flow Section. This will be prior to the PHREEQC calculations. ShowQProd Tickbox Only available if MapToProdStream has been enabled. Allows the user to view the QProd and associated tab pages, showing the properties of the products. See Material Flow Section. This will be after the PHREEQC calculations have been applied.

### CFE tab page

This tab is only visible if the UseCFE option is enabled on the TCE tab page.

• This option allows a portion of a species to be locked up and not allowed to react.
• Applying CFE can have a significant effect on the final composition, use of this feature requires detailed knowledge of the process chemistry.
• This feature is unavailable if using SysCAD VLE with PHREEQC.
 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options Constrained Free Energy (CFE) Configuration CFE... SpeciesName The Species:Long or Short button is used to change the display of the Species names between the Short form, the Chemical compound, or the longer species names. Filter View Filter This button will enable or disable the species filter options. ShowUnmapped(Only visible if Filter is enabled) Tickbox When enabled, all species will be displayed. When disabled, only species that are mapped to a SysCAD species will be shown. Phases(Only visible if Filter is enabled) All No filtering of species based on phase. Solids Only show solid phase species, hide other species. Liquids Only show liquid phase species, hide other species. Vapours Only show vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Solids & Liquids Only show solid and liquid phase species, hide other species. Solids & Vapours Only show solid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Liquids & Vapours Only show liquid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. IPhase Only show "IPhase" individual phase species, hide other species. The individual phases shown will depend on the PHREEQC database chosen. Filters Display Always set to 'Content'. Content(Only visible if Filter is enabled) All No filtering of species based on element or name. Contains Any Element This will display all species that contain any of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Contains All Elements This will display only species that contain ALL of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Starts with ... This will display species that start with the text entered based on the short or long species tag depending on the current SpeciesTag selection. Contains any ... This will display species that contain the text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Contains All ... This will display species that contain ALL the separate text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Select Input Only visible if Filter is enabled and Content is NOT set to All. The user specified Elements or text to filter the species list. Refer to Species Filter for more information and examples. (The following tables (one per phase) display the PHREEQC species from the selected database. The user can set the Inert Fraction for each species. Note that liquid ions are not shown on this page as the Inert Fractions cannot be set for them.)(Each table has the following column (one row per PHREEQC species):) InertFrac Input The user specified fraction of the species that is considered inert, ie. cannot react to form other species/ions. The presence of the inert fraction is still taken into account when calculating stream properties. This is only available as an input for molecular species (not ions).

### Bypass tab page

This tab is only visible if the WithBypass option is enabled on the TCE tab page. This will allow some or all of the SysCAD species to bypass the thermodynamic engine calculations.

### RxnBypass tab page

This tab is only visible if the WithBypass option is enabled on the TCE tab page. This will allow some or all of the SysCAD species to bypass the thermodynamic engine calculations.

### Input tab page

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options Stream Properties Summary Feed... Temperature / T Display The Temperature of the feed solution. This is calculated using the SysCAD enthalpy context. Pressure / P Display The Pressure of the feed solution. MassFlow / Qm Display The Mass Flow of the feed solution. [email protected] Display The Enthalpy of the feed solution per unit mass. This is calculated by PHREEQC. Enthalpy / [email protected] Display The Enthalpy of the feed solution. This is calculated by PHREEQC. Feed... SpeciesName The Species:Long or Short button is used to change the display of the Species names between the Short form, the Chemical compound, or the longer species names. Zeros If the Hide Zeros button is clicked, all species that have NO mass flow will be hidden.If the Show Zeros button is clicked, all species will be displayed, including those with zero mass flow. StreamView If the Mass button is clicked, the species will be shown in mass flow view. If the Mole button is clicked, the species will be shown in mole flow view. Stream Mass Copy stream contents to clipboard, mass basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Mole Copy stream contents to clipboard, mole basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Unmapped Mass Copy unmapped stream contents to clipboard, mass basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Unmapped species are those which will not be mapped to the exiting SysCAD stream. Unmapped Mole Copy unmapped stream contents to clipboard, mole basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Unmapped species are those which will not be mapped to the exiting SysCAD stream. Filter View Filter This button will enable or disable the species filter options. ShowUnmapped(Only visible if Filter is enabled) Tickbox When enabled, all species will be displayed. When disabled, only species that are mapped to a SysCAD species will be shown. Phases(Only visible if Filter is enabled) All No filtering of species based on phase. Solids Only show solid phase species, hide other species. Liquids Only show liquid phase species, hide other species. Vapours Only show vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Solids & Liquids Only show solid and liquid phase species, hide other species. Solids & Vapours Only show solid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Liquids & Vapours Only show liquid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. IPhase Only show "IPhase" individual phase species, hide other species. The individual phases shown will depend on the PHREEQC database chosen. Filters(Only visible if Filter is enabled) Content All species which meet the Phase and Content criteria will be displayed. Content & MassFrac Limit Only species which meet the Phase and Content criteria AND have a mass fraction greater than or equal to the user specified MassFrac.Limit will be displayed. Content & MassFrac Largest Only the top N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase and Content criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. Content & MassFrac Smallest Only the bottom N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase and Content criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. MassFrac Limit Only species which meet the Phase criteria AND have a mass fraction greater than or equal to the user specified MassFrac.Limit will be displayed. MassFrac Largest Only the top N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. MassFrac Smallest Only the bottom N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. Content(Only visible when one of the Content Filter options is selected) All No filtering of species based on element or name. Contains Any Element This will display all species that contain any of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Contains All Elements This will display only species that contain ALL of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Starts with ... This will display species that start with the text entered based on the short or long species tag depending on the current SpeciesTag selection. Contains any ... This will display species that contain the text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Contains All ... This will display species that contain ALL the separate text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Select Input Only visible if Content is NOT set to All. The user specified Elements or text to filter the species list. Refer to Species Filter for more information and examples. MassFrac.Limit Input Only visible if Filters = Content & MassFrac Limit or MassFrac Limit. The user specified MassFrac Limit, the maximum mass fraction to be displayed. MassFrac.Count Input Only visible if Filters = Content & MassFrac Largest, Content & MassFrac Smallest, MassFrac Largest or MassFrac Smallest. The user specified Mass Frac Count, the maximum number of species to be displayed. (The following tables display the mass/mole flow, mass/mole fraction of the individual species.)(Each table (one for each phase) has the following columns (one row for each species):) MassFlow / Qm Display Visible when StreamView = Mass. The mass flow of the species in the feed stream. MassFrac / Mf Display Visible when StreamView = Mass. The mass fraction of the species in the feed stream. PhaseMassFrac / IPh:Mf Display Visible when StreamView = Mass. The mass fraction of the species in the displayed phase. MoleFlow / QMl Display Visible when StreamView = Mole. The mole flow of the species in the feed stream. MoleFrac / Mlf Display Visible when StreamView = Mole. The mole fraction of the species in the feed stream. PhaseMoleFrac / IPh:Mlf Display Visible when StreamView = Mole. The mole fraction of the species in the displayed phase.

### Diff tab page

This tab is only visible if ShowRxnDiff is ticked. The displayed results are the difference between input and output streams.

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options Stream Properties Summary Diff... Temperature / T Display The Temperature difference between the feed and product solutions. Pressure / P Display The Pressure difference between the feed and product solutions. MassFlow / Qm Display The Mass Flow difference between the feed and product solutions. [email protected] Display The Enthalpy difference between the feed and product solutions per unit mass. This is calculated by PHREEQC. Enthalpy / [email protected] Display The Enthalpy difference between the feed and product solutions. This is calculated by PHREEQC. Diff... SpeciesName The Species:Long or Short button is used to change the display of the Species names between the Short form, the Chemical compound, or the longer species names. Zeros If the Hide Zeros button is clicked, all species that have NO mass flow will be hidden.If the Show Zeros button is clicked, all species will be displayed, including those with zero mass flow. StreamView If the Mass button is clicked, the species will be shown in mass flow view. If the Mole button is clicked, the species will be shown in mole flow view. Stream Mass Copy stream contents to clipboard, mass basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Mole Copy stream contents to clipboard, mole basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Unmapped Mass Copy unmapped stream contents to clipboard, mass basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Unmapped species are those which will not be mapped to the exiting SysCAD stream. Unmapped Mole Copy unmapped stream contents to clipboard, mole basis, for pasting into Excel. If Zeros is set to hide, zero values will not be copied to the clipboard. Unmapped species are those which will not be mapped to the exiting SysCAD stream. Filter View Filter This button will enable or disable the species filter options. ShowUnmapped(Only visible if Filter is enabled) Tickbox When enabled, all species will be displayed. When disabled, only species that are mapped to a SysCAD species will be shown. Phases(Only visible if Filter is enabled) All No filtering of species based on phase. Solids Only show solid phase species, hide other species. Liquids Only show liquid phase species, hide other species. Vapours Only show vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Solids & Liquids Only show solid and liquid phase species, hide other species. Solids & Vapours Only show solid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Liquids & Vapours Only show liquid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. IPhase Only show "IPhase" individual phase species, hide other species. The individual phases shown will depend on the PHREEQC database chosen. Filters(Only visible if Filter is enabled) Content All species which meet the Phase and Content criteria will be displayed. Content & MassFrac Limit Only species which meet the Phase and Content criteria AND have a mass fraction greater than or equal to the user specified MassFrac.Limit will be displayed. Content & MassFrac Largest Only the top N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase and Content criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. Content & MassFrac Smallest Only the bottom N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase and Content criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. MassFrac Limit Only species which meet the Phase criteria AND have a mass fraction greater than or equal to the user specified MassFrac.Limit will be displayed. MassFrac Largest Only the top N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. MassFrac Smallest Only the bottom N species (based on Mass Fraction) which meet the Phase criteria will be displayed, where N = the user specified MassFrac.Count. Content(Only visible when one of the Content Filter options is selected) All No filtering of species based on element or name. Contains Any Element This will display all species that contain any of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Contains All Elements This will display only species that contain ALL of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Starts with ... This will display species that start with the text entered based on the short or long species tag depending on the current SpeciesTag selection. Contains any ... This will display species that contain the text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Contains All ... This will display species that contain ALL the separate text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Select Input Only visible if Content is NOT set to All. The user specified Elements or text to filter the species list. Refer to Species Filter for more information and examples. MassFrac.Limit Input Only visible if Filters = Content & MassFrac Limit or MassFrac Limit. The user specified MassFrac Limit, the maximum mass fraction to be displayed. MassFrac.Count Input Only visible if Filters = Content & MassFrac Largest, Content & MassFrac Smallest, MassFrac Largest or MassFrac Smallest. The user specified Mass Frac Count, the maximum number of species to be displayed. (The following tables display the mass/mole flow, mass/mole fraction of the individual species.)(Each table (one for each phase) has the following columns (one row for each species):) MassFlow / Qm Display Visible when StreamView = Mass. The difference in mass flow of the species. MassFrac / Mf Display Visible when StreamView = Mass. The difference in mass fraction of the species. PhaseMassFrac / IPh:Mf Display Visible when StreamView = Mass. The difference in mass fraction of the species in the displayed phase. MoleFlow / QMl Display Visible when StreamView = Mole. The difference in mole flow of the species. MoleFrac / Mlf Display Visible when StreamView = Mole. The difference in mole fraction of the species. PhaseMoleFrac / IPh:Mlf Display Visible when StreamView = Mole. The difference in mole fraction of the species in the displayed phase.

### ElemBal tab page

This tab performs an element balance between the PHREEQC Input and Output streams and separately, between the SysCAD Input and Output streams.

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options ElemBal... Tol.SigDigits Input This provides an easy way to change the Tol.Rel value. For example, 4 here will set Tol.Rel = 1.00e-4. If user changes the Tol.Rel value, this value will also be updated. Tol.Rel Input The relative tolerance for Element Balance (Input - Output). If the relative error is > Tol.Rel then an error is generated. Tol.Abs Input The absolute tolerance for Element Balance (Input - Output). If the absolute error is > Tol.Abs then an error is generated. PHREEQC... ElementBalanceView If the Mass button is clicked, the elements will be shown in mass flow view.If the Mole button is clicked, the elements will be shown in mole flow view. Zeros If the Hide Zeros button is clicked, all elements that have NO mass flow will be hidden.If the Show Zeros button is clicked, all elements will be displayed, including those with zero mass flow. PHREEQC Element Balance (The following table displays the mass/molar flows, and absolute and relative errors of the individual elements.)The table has the following columns (one row for each element): FlowIn / Qm.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the PHREEQC Input stream. FlowOut / Qm.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the PHREEQC Output stream. The QRxnBypass stream is also included in this total. This can be viewed by clicking "ShowQRxnBypass". AbsErr / Qm.Err Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The difference in mass flow of the element between the PHREEQC Output and Input streams. FlowIn / QMl.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the PHREEQC Input stream. FlowOut / QMl.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the PHREEQC Output stream. AbsErr / QMl.Err Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The difference in molar flow of the element between the PHREEQC Output and Input streams. RelErr Display The relative difference in flow of the element between the PHREEQC Output and Input streams, relative to the Input stream. Scd... SysCAD Element Balance (The following table displays the mass/molar flows, and absolute and relative errors of the individual elements.)The table has the following columns (one row for each element): FlowIn / Qm.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the SysCAD Input stream. FlowOut / Qm.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the SysCAD Output stream. The QRxnBypass stream is also included in this total. This can be viewed by clicking "ShowQRxnBypass". AbsErr / Qm.Err Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The difference in mass flow of the element between the SysCAD Output and Input streams. FlowIn / QMl.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the SysCAD Input stream. FlowOut / QMl.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the SysCAD Output stream. AbsErr / QMl.Err Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The difference in molar flow of the element between the SysCAD Output and Input streams. RelErr Display The relative difference in flow of the element between the SysCAD Output and Input streams, relative to the Input stream.

### PhDeport tab page

This tab is only visible if PhaseElemDeportment is ticked. This tab shows the mass movement of elements for the Liquid, Solid and Gas phases.

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options PD... ElementBalanceView If the Mass button is clicked, the elements will be shown in mass flow view.If the Mole button is clicked, the elements will be shown in mole flow view. Zeros If the Hide Zeros button is clicked, all elements that have NO mass flow will be hidden.If the Show Zeros button is clicked, all elements will be displayed, including those with zero mass flow. PHREEQC.Liquid... PHREEQC Deportment (The following table displays the mass/molar flows, and absolute and relative changes of the individual elements.)The table has the following columns (one row for each element): FlowIn / Qm.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the liquid phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / Qm.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the liquid phase of the Output stream. Change / Qm.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The change in mass flow of the element between the liquid phase of the Output and Input streams. FlowIn / QMl.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the liquid phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / QMl.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the liquid phase of the Output stream. Change / QMl.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The difference in molar flow of the element between the liquid phase of the Output and Input streams. RelChange Display The relative change in flow of the element between the liquid phase of the Output and Input streams, relative to the Input stream. PHREEQC.Solid... PHREEQC Deportment (The following table displays the mass/molar flows, and absolute and relative changes of the individual elements.)The table has the following columns (one row for each element): FlowIn / Qm.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the solid phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / Qm.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the solid phase of the Output stream. Change / Qm.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The change in mass flow of the element between the solid phase of the Output and Input streams. FlowIn / QMl.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the solid phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / QMl.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the solid phase of the Output stream. Change / QMl.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The difference in molar flow of the element between the solid phase of the Output and Input streams. RelChange Display The relative change in flow of the element between the solid phase of the Output and Input streams, relative to the Input stream. PHREEQC.Gas... PHREEQC Deportment (The following table displays the mass/molar flows, and absolute and relative changes of the individual elements.)The table has the following columns (one row for each element): FlowIn / Qm.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the gas phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / Qm.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the gas phase of the Output stream. Change / Qm.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The change in mass flow of the element between the gas phase of the Output and Input streams. FlowIn / QMl.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the gas phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / QMl.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the gas phase of the Output stream. Change / QMl.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The difference in molar flow of the element between the gas phase of the Output and Input streams. RelChange Display The relative change in flow of the element between the gas phase of the Output and Input streams, relative to the Input stream.

### IPhDeport tab page

This tab is only visible if IPhaseElemDeportment is ticked. This tab shows the mass movement of elements for each PHREEQC phase.

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options IPD... ElementBalanceView If the Mass button is clicked, the elements will be shown in mass flow view.If the Mole button is clicked, the elements will be shown in mole flow view. Zeros If the Hide Zeros button is clicked, all elements that have NO mass flow will be hidden.If the Show Zeros button is clicked, all elements will be displayed, including those with zero mass flow. PHREEQC.... PHREEQC Deportment (The following table displays the mass/molar flows, and absolute and relative changes of the individual elements.)The table has the following columns (one row for each element): FlowIn / Qm.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the selected PHREEQC phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / Qm.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The mass flow of the element in the selected PHREEQC phase of the Output stream. Change / Qm.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mass. The change in mass flow of the element between the selected PHREEQC phase of the Output and Input streams. FlowIn / QMl.In Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the selected PHREEQC phase of the Input stream. FlowOut / QMl.Out Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The molar flow of the element in the selected PHREEQC phase of the Output stream. Change / QMl.Chng Display Visible when ElementBalanceView = Mole. The difference in molar flow of the element between the selected PHREEQC phase of the Output and Input streams. RelChange Display The relative change in flow of the element between the selected PHREEQC phase of the Output and Input streams, relative to the Input stream.

### ParamSweep tab page

This tab is only visible if ShowPlotter is ticked and the model has been successfully run.

This tab allows the user to perform multiple calculations to generate a set of data. The data can be copied and pasted into external programs such as Excel to allow the data to be plotted and analysed.

### SpForPlot tab page

This tab is only visible if the SelectSp option is enabled on the ParamSweep tab. It allows the user to select which species to be reported in the sets of data to be generated.

 Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description/Calculated Variables / Options SpForPlot... SpeciesName The Species:Long or Short button is used to change the display of the Species names between the Short form, the Chemical compound, or the longer species names. SelectVisible User can select all the species which are currently visible in the access window. The ones that are visible may be limited by use of the Filter (see options below). UnselectVisible User can unselect all the species which are currently visible in the access window. The ones that are visible may be limited by use of the Filter (see options below). Filter View Filter This button will enable or disable the species filter options. ShowUnmapped(Only visible if Filter is enabled) Tickbox When enabled, all species will be displayed. When disabled, only species that are mapped to a SysCAD species will be shown. Phases(Only visible if Filter is enabled) All No filtering of species based on phase. Solids Only show solid phase species, hide other species. Liquids Only show liquid phase species, hide other species. Vapours Only show vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Solids & Liquids Only show solid and liquid phase species, hide other species. Solids & Vapours Only show solid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. Liquids & Vapours Only show liquid and vapour (gaseous) phase species, hide other species. IPhase Only show "IPhase" individual phase species, hide other species. The individual phases shown will depend on the PHREEQC database chosen. Filters Display Always set to 'Content'. Content(Only visible if Filter is enabled) All No filtering of species based on element or name. Contains Any Element This will display all species that contain any of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Contains All Elements This will display only species that contain ALL of the elements entered in their elemental definition. Starts with ... This will display species that start with the text entered based on the short or long species tag depending on the current SpeciesTag selection. Contains any ... This will display species that contain the text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Contains All ... This will display species that contain ALL the separate text entered in the currently displayed short or long species tag. Select Input Only visible if Filter is enabled and Content is NOT set to All. The user specified Elements or text to filter the species list. Refer to Species Filter for more information and examples. (The following tables (one per phase) display the PHREEQC species from the selected database. The user can select any number of species.)(Each table has the following column (one row per PHREEQC species):) Select Tickbox The properties (selected on the ParamSweep tab) of the selected species will be reported when the Generate function (ParamSweep tab) is used. SetAll...(displayed at the end of each phase) SelectAll User can select all the species in the relevant phase. UnselectAll User can unselect all the species in the relevant phase.

## Adding this Model to a Project

Insert into Configuration file

Sort either by DLL or Group.

 DLL: ScdPHREEQC.dll → Units/Links → TCE PHREEQC: PHREEQC SideCalc or Group: General → Units/Links → TCE PHREEQC: PHREEQC SideCalc