Tie

From SysCAD Documentation
Jump to: navigation, search

Navigation: Models -> General Models


General Description

This is one of the most commonly used and most generic models in SysCAD. It is primarily used as a mixer and / or splitter. In addition, a number of sub-models are available which makes this generic model very flexible so that it can be used to model many process units

The tie is used to join and / or split two or more streams. When streams are mixed in a tie, a homogeneous product is produced.

Available Sub-Models

  1. Makeup Blocks (one or more) may be enabled in a Tie. This allows the user to control the addition of streams such as reagents, water, air, etc to the Tie, often without having to use a PID or General controller.
  2. The Reaction Block (RB) allows the user to configure any number of reactions in the Tie.
  3. The Environmental Heat Exchanger Block allows the user to add or remove energy from the Tie using a number of different methods.
  4. The Evaporation Block allows the user to set the evaporation of either water only or a mixture of water and all other species that are specified as both liquid and vapour.
  5. The Vapour Liquid Equilibrium Block will attempt to ensure that the vapours and liquids of the selected species will be in equilibrium in the Tie. For example, if the equilibrium species is water and the tie is at atmospheric pressure, then SysCAD will maintain the temperature at, or below, the saturated temperature of 99.97°C by evaporating water if required.
  6. Discard Blocks (one or more) may be enabled in a Tie. This allows the user to control the discarding of material from the Tie, usually without having to use a PID or General controller. This is available in Build 138 or later.
  7. The General Model (GM) may be enabled in the Tie, allowing the user to control the split between the outgoing stream flows.
  8. The Thermal Split may also be enabled IF the General Model is enabled. This option is used to adjust the temperatures of the outgoing streams from the unit.

Model Procedures

Model Procedures allows the user to implement code directly within the Tie. To enable this, on the Info tab page tick the "Procedures" tickbox.


Note:
If the Split Flows or GM model is not used, the tie will split the incoming material equally between all of the outgoing streams.

Diagram

Models-Tie-image001.gif

The diagram shows the default drawing of the tie, with a number of connecting streams.

Inputs and Outputs

Label Required
Optional
Input
Output
Number of Connections Description
Min Max.
No Label Input 1 Required In 1 20 General purpose inlet
No Label Output 1 Required Out 1 20 General purpose outlet

Flowchart

Model-Tie-flowchart.png

Data Sections

Summary of Data Sections

The tie access window may consist of a number of sections. This number may increase or decrease, based on user configuration and / or number of species.

  1. Tie-1 tab - Contains general information relating to the unit.
  2. PC - Optional tab that is visible if EB.Solubility.On and/or EB.PhaseChange@T.On is enabled in the Evaluation Block.
  3. RB - Optional tab, only visible if the Reactions are enabled in the Evaluation Block.
  4. EHX - Optional tab, only visible if the EnvironHX is enabled in the Evaluation Block.
  5. Evap - Optional tab that is visible if Evaporator is enabled in the Evaluation Block.
  6. VLE - Optional tab, only visible if the VLEquilibrium is enabled in the Evaluation Block.
  7. MU - Optional tab, or multiple tabs if more than 1 Makeup is selected. Only visible if one of more Makeups are enabled in the Evaluation Block.
  8. DB - Optional tab, or multiple tabs if more than 1 Discard Block is selected. Only visible if one of more Discard Blocks are enabled in the Evaluation Block. Only available in Build 138 or later.
  9. Split - Optional tab, only visible if SplitFlows (or General Model) is enabled.
  10. SplitT - Optional tab, only visible if SplitThermal (or General Thermal Model) is enabled.
    • This may only be enabled after GM has been enabled.
  11. QFeed - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQFeed is enabled. This page shows the properties of the mixed stream as the feed to the tie. If user has specified a required pressure in the tie, the mixed feed will be set to this pressure. This may cause the temperature of the mixture to change if the delta P is significantly different.
  12. QProd - Optional tab, only visible if ShowQProd is selected. This page shows the properties of the mixed output stream as the product before separation to outlet streams of the tie.
    • This is after any Evaluation Block sub-models are evaluated, but before flow splits.
  13. Info tab - contains general settings for the unit and allows the user to include documentation about the unit and create Hyperlinks to external documents.
  14. MP tab - Optional tab, only visible if Procedures have been enabled on the Info tab page.
  15. Links tab - contains a summary table for all the input and output streams.
  16. Audit tab - contains summary information required for Mass and Energy balance. See Model Examples for enthalpy calculation Examples.

Tie Page

Unit Type: Tie-1 - The first tab page in the access window will have this name.

Tag (Long/Short) Input / Calc Description

Common Data on First Tab Page

Operating Pressure

Pressure / P Calc The calculated pressure at the tie
OperatingP - NOTE: this pressure is applied at QFeed, before sub-models.

Method

Atmospheric

Outlet streams will be at Atmospheric Pressure. The atmospheric pressure is calculated by SysCAD based on the user defined elevation (default elevation is at sea level = 101.325 kPa). The elevation can be changed on the Environment tab page of the Plant Model.

AutoDetect

If there are any liquids AND no vapours present in the feed, outlet streams will take the highest pressure of the feeds. Else (eg. some vapours present) outlet streams will take the lowest pressure of the feeds.

LowestFeed

Outlet streams will take the lowest pressure of the feeds.

HighestFeed

Outlet streams will take the highest pressure of the feeds.

RequiredP

Outlet streams will be at the user specified pressure.

IgnoreLowMassFlow / IgnoreLowQm Tick Box This option is only visible if the AutoDetect, LowestFeed or HighestFeed methods are chosen. When calculating the outlet pressure and temperature of the tank, SysCAD will ignore the low flow feed streams should this option be selected. The low flow limit is set in the field below.
LowMassFlowFrac / LowQmFrac Input This field is only visible if the IgnoreLowQm option is selected. This is the amount any stream contributes to the total flow. For example, if the total feed to the tank is 10 kg/s, and this field is set to 1%. Then any feed streams with less than 0.1 kg/s will be ignored in the pressure calculations.
PressureReqd / P_Reqd Input This field is only visible if the RequiredP method is chosen. This is user specified pressure.
Result Display The actual pressure used for the sum of the feeds which will also be the outlet pressure (unless further model options change the pressure).

EB (Flow Evaluation Block)

Solubility.On Tickbox Only visible if Solubility has been defined for at least one species in the project. Allows the user to switch on any predefined solubility curve to adjust the composition of material in the unit.
PhaseChange@T.On Tickbox Only visible if Phase Change at Temperature has been defined for at least one species in the project. Allows the user to switch on any predefined phase changes at temperature in the unit.
EvalSequence Calc The sequence in which the sub models (which are part of the evaluation blocks) will be calculated. The sequence is determined by the priority selection for the individual sub-models.
Note: If the user chooses On-AutoSequence then SysCAD will determine the sequence of the sub-models. The sequence followed will be MU1, MU2, etc., RB, EHX, Evap, VLE, DB1, DB2, etc.
Makeups Input The number of makeup blocks required. Extra dropdown options Makeup1, Makeup2, etc will be added to allow these to be switched on.
MakeupX List This can be used to switch the Makeup Block (MU) on or off and prioritise it in relation to the other sub-models. If this is 'On' then the associated page, MUX becomes visible and may be configured.
Note: This field is only visible if the entry for 'Makeups' is greater than 0. If there is one makeup then X=1. If there are two makeups, then X=1 and X=2, etc.
Reactions List This can be used to switch on the Reaction Block (RB). If this is 'On' then the associated page, RB becomes visible and may be configured.
Note: The user does not have to configure a reaction file, even if this block is checked.
EnvironHX List This can be used to switch on the Environmental Heat Exchanger (EHX). If this is 'On' then the associated page, EHX becomes visible and may be configured.
Note: The user does not have to configure an environmental heat exchange, even if this block is checked.
Evaporation List This can be used to switch on the Evaporation Block (Evap). If this is 'On' then the associated page, Evap becomes visible and may be configured.
Note: The user does not have to configure an evaporator, even if this block is checked.
VLEquilibrium List This can be used to switch on Vapour Liquid Equilibrium (VLE). If this is 'On' then the associated page, VLE becomes visible and may be configured.
Note: This option may automatically adjust the species make-up.
Discards Input Only available in Build 138 or later. The number of discard blocks required. Extra dropdown options Discard1, Discard2, etc will be added to allow these to be switched on.
DiscardX List Only available in Build 138 or later. This can be used to switch the Discard Block (DB) on or off and prioritise it in relation to the other sub-models. If this is 'On' then the associated page, DBX becomes visible and may be configured.
Note: This field is only visible if the entry for 'Discards' is greater than 0. If there is one discard then X=1. If there are two discards, then X=1 and X=2, etc.

Options

SplitFlows Tick Box This can be used to enable the Flow separate for output streams. If this box is checked then the associated page, Split, becomes visible and may be configured.
Notes:
  1. This option is used to adjust the out going streams from the unit.
  2. If the SplitFlows option is Not enabled, then the flow out of the tie will be split evenly between all of the outgoing streams.
  3. This may not be changed while the model is solving.
SplitThermal Tick Box This option is only visible if the SplitFlows option has been chosen. This can be used to enable the uneven Energy distribution for output streams. If this box is checked then the associated page, SplitT, becomes visible and may be configured.
Notes:
  1. This option is used to adjust the temperatures of the outgoing streams from the unit. It cannot be changed while the model is solving.
  2. This option is not available in Dynamic mode.
ShowQFeed Tick Box QFeed and associated tab pages (eg Sp) will become visible, showing the properties of the combined feed stream. See Material Flow Section. This will be prior to any sub-model (eg reactions) actions.
ShowQProd Tick Box QProd and associated tab pages (eg Sp) will become visible, showing the properties of the products. See Material Flow Section. This will be after the actions of any sub-models and before any flow splits with the SplitFlow model.

Demands Table: (Only visible if connected pipes are in demand mode)

Demands Demand Ft.Demand Actual
Feeds
stream name (n) The amount of flow required to entering the Tie, this is based on the amount demanded by downstream units Flash Train demand, only valid if the unit is part of the flash train The actual flow into the Tie.
Products
stream name (n) The amount of flow distributed by the tie, this amount is being demanded by downstream units Flash Train demand, only valid if the unit is part of the flash train The actual flow exiting the tie.

Adding this Model to a Project

Insert into Configuration file

Sort either by DLL or Group.

 

DLL:

Basic1.dll

Units/Links

Process: Tie(1)

or

Group:

General

Units/Links

Process: Tie(1)

See Project Configuration for more information on adding models to the configuration file.


Insert into Project

 

Insert Unit

Process

Tie(1)

See Insert Unit for general information on inserting units.

Hints and Comments

  1. If the user configures the GM, and then at a later stage adds or removes a stream (input or output), this may have an impact on the GM configuration. It is recommended that the user check the GM every time a stream change is made.
  2. A tie can be used to break the demand calculation between units in a Flash Train. If the tie is inserted between units, the Flash train will be broken. However, if the user switches on the GM and General is selected for Option, then the Flash Train will be formed again.
  3. In Steady State, the tie can be used with Demand where one of the input streams must be traced back to a single demand source.
  4. If the user 'Resets' or uses the 'Empty Process' SetState option, then all connecting flanges will also be set to zero flow.