Phase Change (PC)

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Navigation: Models -> Sub-Models -> Evaluation Blocks -> Phase Change (PC)

Related Links: Evaluation Blocks, Solubility, Potash Solubility, Plant Model - Soluble Tab, Phase Change in Species Database

This describes the functionality and Data Fields for Phase Change.

Introduction

SysCAD allows the user to enable a number of different automatic Phase Change functions within a project:

  1. Solubility;
  2. Phase Change at Temperature;
  3. Phase Change at Mass Fraction; and
  4. Vapour Liquid Equilibrium (VLE).

Generally, for this functionality to be available for a species in a project it must be defined for that species in the Species Database. The 2 exceptions to this are:

  • VLE - this is always available for H2O, as SysCAD uses rigorous water/steam calculations; and
  • Potash Solubility may be available without any data in the Species Database, as this uses defined values and calculations within SysCAD.

Implementation in Projects

The user may choose to Globally enable any, or all, of these Phase Change functions using the Plant Model access window.

If the functions are NOT enabled globally, then the user may enable them in indivdual units or pipes, using the Evaluation Block (EB).

Notes:

  1. Solubility and Phase Change at Temperature can be enabled in the EB via tick boxes and the PC tab becomes visible.
  2. Phase Change at Mass Fraction cannot be enabled locally, and may only be enabled globally.
  3. Vapour Liquid Equilibrium can be enabled in the EB, and the VLE tab will then become visible.


Applying Phase Change in Individual Units or Pipes

Automatic Phase Change functionality such as Solubility and PhaseChange at Temperature may be enabled in an Evaluation Block if it has NOT been enabled globally. Phase Change data must have been defined in the Species Database for these options to be available.

To enable either Solubility and/or PhaseChange at Temperature, tick the EB.Solubility.On and/or EB.PhaseChange@T.On tickbox. If either of these options are enabled then a new PC tab page will appear, as shown below:


Phase Change 1.png


When these options are enabled, the automatic phase change will be applied:

  1. On the feed to the Evaluation Block, prior to any sub-models being applied
  2. After each sub-model has been applied, including after the last sub-model has been applied.

The PC (Phase Change) page shows pertinent information such as temperatures, mass flows and saturation levels at three stages of the evaluation block:

  1. Feed - this is the feed to the Evaluation Block prior to any automatic phase change being applied
  2. EBFeed - this is the feed to the Evaluation Block after automatic phase change has been applied
  3. Final - this is the final product from the Evaluation Block after all sub-models have been applied and automatic phase change has again been applied.

Notes:

  1. These options are not displayed unless the Automatic Phase Change has been switched off globally on the Plant Model - Species tab page.
  2. PhaseChange@MF is not able to be switched on locally this way.
  3. Please see Potash Solubility for information on the fields displayed if this is used.

Data Sections

In this section we will only discuss the fields that are relevant for Phase Change at Temperature and for the generic form of solubility, i.e. solubility equations entered in the Species Database.

For fields relating to Potash Solubility, please see Potash Solubility.


Tag / Symbol Input / Calc Description
Phase Change Equilibrium (Soluble)
System None Solubility is not used.
User Defined Use the user defined polynomials in the Species database to calculate the saturated values of the selected species.
Potash Use the saturated values for KCl and NaCl obtained from the KCl-NaCl-MgCl2 graph from D'Ans. Please see Potash Solubility for more information.
Solubility (User) Calculation Configuration (Only visible if System = User Defined)

Each species that has user defined solubility curve(s) in the Species Database will be shown as a separate field.

Species (e.g. NaCl) Off The solubility for this species will NOT be calculated and no precipitation or dissolution will occur automatically in this unit.
Solubility This will be displayed if only a single solubility curve is defined in the Species Database. This curve will be used to calculate the saturation value for the species.
User defined name If the user has defined 2 or more solubility curves in the Species Database, then these will appear in the list. The user may select the curve to be used in this unit to calculate the saturated value of the species.
Solubility (User) Results (Only visible if System = User Defined)

The Saturated and Actual values for each species that has user defined solubility curve(s) in the Species Database will be shown as a separate field.

Species.Sat Calc The saturated value of the species in solution at the product temperature of the unit. Displayed as mass species / mass of water.
Note: If the user has defined 2 or more solubility curves for this species in the Species Database then the saturation value for each curve will be displayed as a separate field. The curve name will be displayed on the Right hand side of the field.
Species.Act Calc The actual value of the species in solution. Displayed as mass species / mass of water.
Summary

The values in this table are calculated at the following stages of the unit:

  1. Feed: All streams into the unit are combined, but BEFORE any phase change equilibrium calculations are performed.
  2. EBFeed: All streams into the unit are combined, phase change equilibrium calculations have been performed, but BEFORE any EB sub-models (Reaction Blocks, Enviromental Heat Exchange, VLE, etc) are evaluated.
  3. Final: Phase Change equilibrium calculations and All EB sub-models (Reaction Blocks, Enviromental Heat Exchange, VLE, etc) have been evaluated, i.e. this is the final product from the unit.
T Calc The Temperature at the above stages.
SQm Calc The Solid mass flow at the above stages.
LQm Calc The Liquid mass flow at the above stages.
VQm Calc The Vapour mass flow at the above stages.
H2O(l).MassFlow Calc The mass flow of water at the above stages.
Each species with a user defined solubility that is enabled will have the following 4 rows displayed.
Please note that in the descriptions below the liquid form of the species is shown as (aq) and the other phase as (s). These could be different depending on how the user has defined the species in the Species Database.
Species(aq).MassFlow Calc The mass flow of the aqueous form of the species at the above stages.
Species(s).MassFlow Calc The mass flow of the solid form of the species at the above stages.
Species(aq).Actual Calc The actual value of the species in solution at the above stages. Displayed as mass species / mass of water.
Species(aq).Saturated Calc The saturated value of the species in solution at the above stages. Displayed as mass species / mass of water.
Each species with a user defined Phase Change at Temperature will have the following 2 (or more) rows displayed.
Notes:
  1. The number of rows displayed will depend on the number of temperature transitions that have been defined in the Species Database.
  2. The Temperature of transition to the next row will be displayed on the right hand side of the row.
  3. In the descriptions below a solid species is shown. The species could be a different phase.
Species(As).MassFlow Calc The mass flow of the lowest temperature form of the species at the above stages.
Species(Bs).MassFlow Calc The mass flow of the next highest temperature form of the species at the above stages.